Differential Diagnosis of Meningeal SFT-HPC and Meningioma Which ă Immunohistochemical Markers Should Be Used?


  • Macagno Nicolas
  • Figarella-Branger Dominique
  • Mokthari Karima
  • Metellus Philippe
  • Jouvet Anne
  • Vasiljevic Alexandre
  • Loundou Anderson
  • Bouvier Corinne


  • Quality

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Meningeal solitary fibrous tumors-hemangiopericytomas (SFT-HPC) and ă meningiomas can be difficult to distinguish on histologic examination. ă STAT6 immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a reliable diagnostic marker of ă SFT-HPCs. Recently, GRIA2 has also been reported to be a diagnostic ă marker of SFT-HPC, although no extensive data are available for ă meningeal SFT-HPCs yet. The aim of this study was to test their ă diagnostic performance in a large cohort of SFT-HPCs and meningiomas. ă IHC analyses for GRIA2 and STAT6 were performed on tissue microarrays ă containing 76 SFT-HPCs and 181 meningiomas. Results were compared with ă previous data with ALDH1 and CD34. Two different anti-STAT6 antibodies ă were tested: SC-20 polyclonal and YE361 monoclonal antibody. Ninety-six ă percent of meningeal SFT-HPCs but no meningioma displayed nuclear STAT6 ă positivity. With SC-20 antibody, concomitant cytoplasmic staining for ă STAT6 was observed in > 50% of all cases, including meningiomas. ă However, using YE361 antibody, cytoplasmic staining was absent, and ă nuclear signal intensity was stronger leading to better interpretation ă of STAT6 IHC. GRIA2 was positive in 84% of SFT-HPCs and in 16% of ă meningiomas. STAT6 had excellent sensitivity (96%) and specificity ă (100%), ALDH1 and GRIA2 had same sensitivity (84%), but ALDH1 and CD34 ă had better specificity than GRIA2 (97% and 96% vs. 84%, ă respectively). For the differential diagnosis of SFT-HPCs versus ă meningiomas, the best diagnostic approach is to perform STAT6, followed ă by ALDH1 and CD34 in the case of uncommon STAT6-negative cases. Because ă of meningioma positivity, GRIA2 seems less useful in this indication.

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