Native and recombinant phospholipases A2 of Scorpio maurus venom glands impair angiogenesis by targeting integrins α5β1 and αvβ3.


  • Krayem Najeh
  • Abdelkefi-Koubaa Zaineb
  • Marrakchi Naziha
  • Gargouri Youssef
  • Luis José


  • Adhesion
  • Anti-angiogenic activity
  • Integrins
  • Migration
  • Recombinant phospholipases A2
  • Scorpion venom glands


We recently purified an heterodimeric phospholipase A2 named Sm-PLGV from the venom glands of scorpion Scorpio maurus containing a Long chain, a penta-peptide insertion, which is cut out during the maturation, followed by a short chain. Three recombinant forms of Sm-PLGV were produced in Escherichia coli: rPLA2(+5) containing the full-length sequence including the penta-peptide insert, rPLA2(-5) a fused continuous chain of the Long and the short chains without the penta-peptide and the Long chain alone without the short one. In this study, we showed that Sm-PLGV, rPLA2(+5) and rPLA2(-5) displayed more potent anti-angiogenic properties than the recombinant Long chain and the short chain obtained by chemical synthesis. These phospholipases A2 inhibited in a dose-dependent manner adhesion, migration and invasion of human microvascular endothelial cells through the alteration of α5β1 and αvβ3 integrins function. Using Matrigel™ and chick chorioallantoic membrane assays, we demonstrated that Sm-PLGV, rPLA2(+5) and rPLA2(-5) significantly inhibited both in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis. We also showed a clear dissociation of the anti-angiogenic effect of Sm-PLGV and its catalytic activity. This is the first study describing an anti-angiogenic effect for recombinant scorpion venom enzymes.

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