Géraldine Ferracci (Study Engineer on the PINT platform) participated in the publication entitled "Molecular landscape of BoNT/B bound to a membrane inserted synaptotagmin/ganglioside complex" which appeared on August 25, 2022 in Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences.
Botulinum neurotoxin serotype B (BoNT/B) uses two separate protein and polysialoglycolipid-binding pockets to interact with synaptotagmin 1/2 and gangliosides. However, an integrated model of BoNT/B bound to its neuronal receptors in a native membrane topology is still lacking. Using a panel of in silico and experimental approaches, we present here a new model for BoNT/B binding to neuronal membranes, in which the toxin binds to a preassembled synaptotagmin-ganglioside GT1b complex and a free ganglioside allowing a lipid-binding loop of BoNT/B to interact with the glycone part of the synaptotagmin-associated GT1b. Furthermore, our data provide molecular support for the decrease in BoNT/B sensitivity in Felidae that harbor the natural variant synaptotagmin2-N59Q. These results reveal multiple interactions of BoNT/B with gangliosides and support a novel paradigm in which a toxin recognizes a protein/ganglioside complex.