Subverted regulation of Nox1 NADPH oxidase-dependent oxidant generation by protein disulfide isomerase A1 in colon carcinoma cells with overactivated KRas

authors

  • de Bessa Tiphany Coralie
  • Pagano Alessandra
  • Moretti Ana Iochabel Soares
  • Oliveira Percillia Victoria Santos
  • Mendonça Samir Andrade
  • Kovacic Hervé
  • Laurindo Francisco Rafael Martins

abstract

Protein disulfide isomerases including PDIA1 are implicated in cancer progression, but underlying mechanisms are unclear. PDIA1 is known to support vascular Nox1 NADPH oxidase expression/activation. Since deregulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production underlies tumor growth, we proposed that PDIA1 is an upstream regulator of tumor-associated ROS. We focused on colorectal cancer (CRC) with distinct KRas activation levels. Analysis of RNAseq databanks and direct validation indicated enhanced PDIA1 expression in CRC with constitutive high (HCT116) vs. moderate (HKE3) and basal (Caco2) Ras activity. PDIA1 supported Nox1-dependent superoxide production in CRC; however, we first reported a dual effect correlated with Ras-level activity: in Caco2 and HKE3 cells, loss-of-function experiments indicate that PDIA1 sustains Nox1-dependent superoxide production, while in HCT116 cells PDIA1 restricted superoxide production, a behavior associated with increased Rac1 expression/activity. Transfection of Rac1G12V active mutant into HKE3 cells induced PDIA1 to become restrictive of Nox1-dependent superoxide, while in HCT116 cells treated with Rac1 inhibitor, PDIA1 became supportive of superoxide. PDIA1 silencing promoted diminished cell proliferation and migration in HKE3, not detectable in HCT116 cells. Screening of cell signaling routes affected by PDIA1 silencing highlighted GSK3β and Stat3. Also, E-cadherin expression after PDIA1 silencing was decreased in HCT116, consistent with PDIA1 support of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Thus, Ras overactivation switches the pattern of PDIA1-dependent Rac1/Nox1 regulation, so that Ras-induced PDIA1 bypass can directly activate Rac1. PDIA1 may be a crucial regulator of redox-dependent adaptive processes related to cancer progression.

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